Macchu Picchu is a Peruvian treasure found within the Cusco Region. It was an Inca citadel constructed during the 15th century. It sits atop a mountain range at 7,970 feet (2,430 m) above sea level.
From the Quechua language, the name Macchu Picchu means “old peak.” Constructed between 1450 and 1460, Macchu Picchu was only inhabited for about 80 years before being abandoned due to the Spanish Conquest.
Macchu Picchu is comprised of an urban section, an agricultural section, an upper town area, and a lower town area. The temples were located in the upper town whereas the warehouses were in the lower town area.
There are approximately 200 buildings that housed approximately 750 people who were mostly there to support the royal family.