London was founded by the Romans, and was given the name Londinium. The name London started serving as the name in the 19th century. It is the capital city of England and the entire United Kingdom.
The city of London is located in the southeastern part of England. It sits on the Thames River.
London, like New York, It is a city that possesses tremendous amounts of influence in various industries including: culture, technology, commerce, finance, media, arts, fashion, sports, education, entertainment and research.
Since 1889, “London” has collectively stood for the city, the County of London and the Greater London metropolis. The collective area extends 3,236 square miles (8,382 sq km).
London is the 18th largest metropolis in the world. It was the largest city in the world from 1831 through 1925. It is the most populous city of the European Union and the second most populous of Europe (third if Turkey is considered part of Europe).
The London Underground transportation system is the oldest underground rail system in the world. The city is famous for its double decker red buses.
London Iconic Landmarks
London is also a city that provides visitors with an array of iconic landmarks that are arguable candidates for the Seven Wonders of England. Many of the names of bridges, buildings and areas of the city are renowned across the globe.
Here are some of the leading iconic landmarks include:
- Buckingham Palace
- Tower of London
- Kew Gardens
- Westminster Abbey
- St. Margaret’s Church
- Piccadilly Circus
- Tower Bridge
The city welcomes over 14 million international visitors a year making it Europe’s number one tourism destination.
There are over 300 different languages spoken in the London metropolis area. Approximately 37% of the population of the city is foreign born. Asians account for 21% of the population with blacks adding another 16%, and 60% being white.
Christians account for the largest religious group at 48%, followed by Muslims with 21%. Hindus were 4th at 5% after the “no response” group at just over 8%.
London is home to over 480 foreign banks, which is greater than any other city in the world. The city houses the Bank of England, London Stock Exchange, and Lloyd’s of London making it one of the globe’s financial epicenters. It ranks near New York City as the one of the globes most significant international financial locations.
Over 100 of the continents 500 largest companies are based in London with 75% of the world’s Fortune 500 companies having offices in the city. It has the sixth largest GDP for any metropolis area in the world. London has the largest collection of billionaires in the world.
Along with Tokyo and Moscow, London is recognized as one of the most expensive cities in the world. The city’s largest industry is finance.
London has 43 universities, which is the greatest concentration of higher education on the entire continent. Two of the top five ranked educational institutions are based in the city. The London Business School is the world’s premiere business MBA program.
London features the renowned Piccadilly Circus, which competes with New York’s Broadway with the giant electronic advertisements, theatres and other entertainment.
The city features the United Kingdom’s Royal Ballet, English National Ballet, Royal Opera, and English National Opera. Along with these come the Royal Opera House, the London Coliseum, Sadler’s Wells Theatre and the Royal Albert Hall.
London is home to numerous museums and features the British Museum, which showcases 7 million artifacts from around the world.
London is the only city that has hosted the Summer Olympics three times. Football, also known as American soccer, is the most popular sport. The city features fourteen League football clubs, of which six are part of the Premier League.
The city houses Twickenham Stadium which s the largest stadium in the world dedicated solely to rugby. London has five rugby league clubs.
London has been an epicenter for literature and film. Charles Dickens and William Shakespeare top the list of notoriety, and everyone knows Arthur Conan Doyle’s famous detective Sherlock Holmes.
The city has contributed significantly to the film industry with both studios and special effects offices based in London. The city has served as the backdrop and location for numerous movies.
Some of the iconic films based in London include:
- Mary Poppins
- 101 Dalmations
- Peter Pan
- Oliver Twist
- Sherlock Holms